What is Orthodontic?
Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics is a speciality in dentistry. In much the same way as doctors choose to specialize in areas such as cardiology and neurology, dentists can also choose to specialize. An orthodontic specialist is called an orthodontist. An orthodontist specializes in treating patients with improper positioning of teeth when the mouth is closed (malocclusion), which results in an improper bite. Orthodontics also includes treating and controlling various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopaedics) and the shape and development of the jaw. The aim of orthodontic therapy is to optimise the health and function of teeth and jaws as well as to achieve an aesthetically attractive smile.
How does the Orthodontic procedure work?
The most common fixed treatment option, braces consist of brackets, elastic bands and an archwire. Brackets are bonded to the front of the tooth and used as anchors for the braces. Archwires are placed through the brackets and small elastic bands secure the archwire in the bracket. Tightening the archwire puts tension on the teeth, gradually moving them into proper position. Orthodontists adjust braces every 4-6 weeks to bring about the desired results, which may be achieved in one to three years.